Coupling defects and electrical properties of ceramic materials
Despite the brittleness of oxides, we are able to deform the material without crack-formation. This is done through nanoindentation pop-in-stop experiments utilising small indenter tip dimensions . Mechanical behaviour of materials in the plastic regime is studied with electron channelling contract imaging (ECCI) to identify the deformation mechanisms (Fig. 1). The novel approach of this project involves performing low-load mechanical deformation which does not lead to failure of the material (Fig. 2), as well as having the ability to locally approach the plastic zone for electrical characterisation.
Local electrical properties of deformed zones in the oxides are studied through impedance spectroscopy inside SEM. Microcontacts are deposited with GIS-FIB system, while nanometre-sharp needles are driven by the micromanipulator to probe the microcontacts. Such experiments aim to develop a correlation between the changes in the dielectric properties and the plastic deformations inside the ceramic materials. This technique represents a promising non-destructive method to improve reliability of ceramic materials at the micro- and nanoscale as well as to predict their mechanical behaviour, while they are exposed to mechanical load.