Yasmin Ahmed Salem, M.A.
Yasmin Ahmed Salem
Press and Public Relations Officer
Phone: +49 211 6792 722
Room: 222

Scientific Events

Scientific Events


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5th NRW-APT User Meeting

The Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH in Düsseldorf is organizing the 5th NRW-APT user meeting on November the 07th 2019 and we would like to invite you and your research colleagues to participate in this event. This meeting will bring together scientists from North Rhine-Westphalia dealing with APT technique or correlating APT with other techniques. We want to discuss problems and share knowledge regarding sample preparation, measurement conditions, data reconstruction & analysis, etc. If you and your colleagues would like to attend this event, then please register before September 24th 2019. There are limited places only. We are looking forward to see you in Düsseldorf! [more]

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International Workshop on Advanced and In-situ Microscopies of Functional Nanomaterials and Devices, IAMNano 2019

The workshop aims to provide a forum for researchers who are interested in applying advanced imaging and spectroscopy methods of electron microscopy, including aberration-corrected, in situ, environmental and low-voltage electron microscopy, to topical issues in materials science and engineering, in nanoscience, in soft matter research, in interface and surface science, and in biomaterials research. As these methods are of fundamental importance in virtually all technological fields, contributions are invited that address the broad spectrum of current materials research. Novel methodological developments will be discussed as well as topical areas of research on thin films, bulk materials, surfaces, materials at the nanoscale and at the interface between the physical and life sciences, for understanding structure‐property relationships of materials, as well as for metrology. Selected topics will be introduced by invited keynote speakers during the plenary sessions. A poster session provides room for the presentation and discussion of current research. [more]

Sustainable Molten Salt Route for Electro-extraction & Electro-refining of Low-grade Ores to Yield High Purity Titanium

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MPIE-Kolloquium: Sustainable Molten Salt Route for Electro-extraction & Electro-refining of Low-grade Ores to Yield High Purity Titanium

Titanium is the fourth most abundant engineering material in the Earth’s crust. Although it has many beneficial properties, the cost of extraction remains a challenge and over 90% of high grade titanium is derived from the expensive and time-consuming Kroll Process. Electro-refining methods show promise but present their own special challenges. We present an overview and update of a novel molten salt process to extract and refine low-grade ores to produce high-grade powder titanium. Titanium oxycarbide produced by carbothermic reduction is electro-refined in a molten eutectic bath of NaCl:KCl salt. Anodic dissolution causes the Ti product to be plated out in the form of a dendritic product which collects on the cathode while impurities are retained in the anode. A gentle introduction to the process will be given and recent studies to apply the method to include the effect of using ilmenite and ilmenite/rutile blends as a feedstock, as well as the applicability of the process to other metals, specifically niobium (Nb) and vanadium-baring minerals presented. [more]

MPIE Colloquium

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Exploring the Solar System: From the Nano to Astronomical Scale

Microscopy, by definition, is the science of using a microscope to observe objects that are unseen by the naked eye. However, astronomical objects such as planets, moons and comets or asteroids are easily identifiable in the night sky, yet scientists are increasingly relying on microscopic methods to investigate their composition, structure, and determine their origins. Whether this is via extra-terrestrial exploration with satellites, landers or rovers, or by studying returned astromaterials in the laboratory itself, the use of microscopy within the diverse field of planetary science is quickly becoming the norm. Correlating multiple microscopic and spectroscopic methods within the scanning electron microscope (SEM) when studying meteorites allows us to extend the spectrum from nano or micro-scale imaging at one end, all the way up to the astronomical scale at the other. For example, the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover, Curiosity, landed in Gale Crater; a region that had been heavily investigated using satellite data from previous mission Mars Odyssey. Using similar infrared microscopic methods in the laboratory, we can distinguish the same compositions within Martian meteorites as those directly observed on the Martian surface.Recent studies (e.g. Stephen et al. 2014; King et al. 2018) have combined traditional SEM imaging and analysis (energy-dispersive spectroscopy - EDS, electron-backscatter diffraction – EBSD, wavelength-dispersive spectroscopy – WDS) with micro Fourier transform infrared (μFT-IR) to inform the varied geological histories of meteorite parent bodies, including aqueous alteration on both asteroids and planets. Further studies combine SEM & TEM imaging with other X-ray techniques at varying scales, i.e. X-ray microscopy (XRM) or X-ray tomography (XRT), to help classify new meteorites and examine potential parent bodies throughout the Solar System (MacArthur et al. 2019).Non-destructive, microscopic methods allow for detailed investigation through multiple volumes that would otherwise be inaccessible without damaging the specimens themselves; a crucial consideration when working with limited material from an extra-terrestrial source. Correlating microscopy techniques across instruments, scales and disciplines is perhaps one of the best approaches to studying these astromaterials, and fully unravelling their geological history, as well as their journey to Earth.References:King et al. (2018) Investigating the history of volatiles in the solar system using synchrotron infrared micro-spectroscopy' Infrared Physics and Technology 94, 244-249.MacArthur et al. (2019) Mineralogical constraints on the thermal history of Martian regolith breccia Northwest Africa 8114, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 246, 267-298.Stephen et al. (2014) Mid-IR mapping of Martian meteorites with 8-micron spatial resolution, Meteoritics and Planetary Science, pp A381. [more]

Micromechanics of bone: fundamental research and clinical applications

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Micromechanics of bone: fundamental research and clinical applications

In this talk, the work within the Biomechanics Research Team at the Laboratory for Mechanics of Materials and Nanostructures of Empa on micromechanics of bone will be presented. Fundamental research on the failure mechanisms of bone on the microscale as a function of loading mode will be discussed. Nanostructural characterization is combined with micromechanical experimentation and mechanical modeling to allow identifying structure-property relationships in this complex nanocomposite. Recent technical developments allowing experiments with well defined boundary and environmental conditions in a broad strain rate range are employed to investigate the effect of water on the strain rate dependence of bone on the microscale. Furthermore, direct clinical applications of this fundamental research for assessing bone quality of patients in clinical studies will be discussed. [more]

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Deformation mechanisms in metals under a tribological load

In 1950, Bowden and Tabor pointed out that in metallic tribological contacts the majority of the dissipated energy is spend to change the contacting materials’ microstructures. This – in part – explains why most metals show a highly dynamic subsurface microstructure under the shear load imposed by a sliding contact. In order to understand these processes, the elementary mechanisms accommodating the shear strain and acting in the material need to be revealed and understood. In this presentation, three examples of research avenues following this hypothesis will be given. During the very early stages of sliding, dislocations show an interesting self-organization phenomenon. How these structures interfere with twin boundaries and what might be learned about the dislocation motion under the slider will be the first part of the talk. Second, we will address how the high entropy alloy (HEA) CoCrFeMnNi reacts to a tribological load and whether there is evidence for mechanisms specific to HEAs. Third, we will focus our attention at tribo-chemically activated oxidation process studied for high-purity copper. [more]

Joint MPIE / ER-C workshop on recent advances and frontiers of atomic scale characterization

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