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Yasmin Ahmed Salem
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Scientific Events

Scientific Events

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4th International Conference on Medium and High Manganese Steels

MPIE Workshop: Mechanisms of White Etching Matter Formation

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MPIE Workshop: Mechanisms of White Etching Matter Formation

The Max-Planck-Insititut für Eisenforschung in Düsseldorf cordially invites academic and industrial researchers to the workshop on WEM formation, taking place on October 23nd 2018. This workshop will focus on the fundamental materials scientific processes behind this phenomenon. For this we have invited a number of speakers from complementary fields that are crucial for understanding the phenomenon. Topics will range from WEM formation mechanisms in bearings and rails, over WEM generation by heat, surface machining and high pressure torsion, and the role of hydrogen and electric current, to the remarkable resistance of high nitrogen steels to WEC failure. Participants must register till September 30th. The event is financed by the BMBF through grant 03SF0535 and is free of charge. [more]

Metal and Alloy Nanoparticles from Ultrafast, Scalable, Continuous Synthesis and their Downstream Integration in Catalysis and Additive Manufacturing

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Metal and Alloy Nanoparticles from Ultrafast, Scalable, Continuous Synthesis and their Downstream Integration in Catalysis and Additive Manufacturing

[more]

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Exploring Surface Interactions at the Molecular Scale in Tribological Applications Exploring Surface Interactions at the Molecular Scale in Tribological Applications

In this talk the contribution of molecular simulations and in particular non-equilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) modelling techniques providing unique insights into the nanoscale behaviour of lubricants is discussed. NEMD has progressed from a tool to corroborate theories of the liquid state to an instrument that can directly evaluate important fluid properties, and is now moving towards a potential design tool in tribology. The key methodological advances which have allowed this evolution will be highlighted. This will be followed by a summary of bulk and confined NEMD simulations of liquid lubricants and lubricant additives, as they have progressed from simple atomic fluids to ever more complex, realistic molecules. Confined NEMD simulations have revolutionised our fundamental understanding of the behaviour of very thin lubricant films between solid surfaces. This includes the density and viscosity inhomogeneities in confined films, as well as important tribological phenomena such as stick-slip and boundary slip. It is also being increasingly employed to study shear localisation behaviour in thicker films subjected to high pressures.The inclusion of chemical reactivity for additives and their adsorption to metal surfaces and oxides will be also discussed with examples given of how Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations can be used to provide further insight when the focus is on the physics and chemistry that governs film formation. Coupling between molecular and continuum simulation methods for large systems will also be briefly discussed. [more]

6th International Symposium on Computational Mechanics of Polycrystals, CMCn 2018

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6th International Symposium on Computational Mechanics of Polycrystals, CMCn 2018 and DAMASK User Meeting

CMCn2018 The Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung in Düsseldorf is organizing the 6th International Symposium on Computational Mechanics of Polycrystals and we would like to invite you and your research colleagues to participate in this event. This symposium is part of a biannual series of symposia that originated with the establishment of the first joint research group formed between the Max Planck Society and the Fraunhofer Society and investigating Computational Mechanics of Polycrystals. This year the symposium is again combined with the DAMASK User Meeting. DAMASK is the multi-physics simulation software developed at MPIE. The symposium will take place on September 17th and 18th, 2018 in the Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung at Max-Planck-Straße 1, 40237 Düsseldorf, Germany. The DAMASK User Meeting will be held on the following day, September 19th at the same location. If you and your colleagues would like to attend this event, then please register before July 15th 2018. We emphasize that registration is mandatory and that there are limited places only. Many thanks, we hope to see you in Düsseldorf! [more]

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Thermoelectric energy conversion - From waste heat to sustainable energy

Thermoelectric materials can convert waste heat into electricity, which is of significant technological and environmental interest. In my talk I will give a short introduction into the field of thermoelectrics including the measurement of the thermoelectric properties of bulk materials at low and elevated temperatures. I will introduce a selection of general concepts, which allow to improve and optimize thermoelectric materials and I will briefly talk about a selection of new directions in the field, where some of them (will) heavily rely on and benefit from the fields of metallurgy and atom probe tomography (e.g. phase boundary mapping and antiphase boundaries as a new route towards low thermal conductivities). [more]

Use of computational and physical simulation on arc welding heat affected zone microstructure evolution studies

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Use of computational and physical simulation on arc welding heat affected zone microstructure evolution studies

The heat affected zone (HAZ) is most commonly the critical part of welding joint and the comprehension of the thermal cycle it suffers during welding and its effects on the final microstructure is fundamental to predict and reduce the properties degradation on that zone. The traditional approach to study the HAZ involves several welding tests varying the principal parameters (voltage, current and welding speed) with subsequent mechanical testing. These welding trials could be very time, material and cost demanding; could not replicate the plant/field true welding conditions (need for small scale/plant no available for research tests) and still may not provide a profound insight on the mechanisms in play as the thermal history would not be evaluated. In this context, it is very interesting to use simulation techniques that have evolve significantly in the last two decades to optimize the research effort. In one side, we have the material computational simulation development, with the use of finite element methods and double ellipsoid heat source model to describe the process (thermometallurgic – mechanical coupling) and methods like CALPHAD, Phase Field and Cellular Automata to describe the microstructure evolution in details. One the other side, there are equipment (Gleeble) capable of applying very rapid and controlled thermo-mechanical cycles (acquired in the computational simulation) to a sample, so to produce physical simulated specimen that represents the HAZ region of interest, enabling more detailed characterization and some mechanical testing in isolated microstructures. This permits some validation of the computational simulation too. Seizing these techniques potential, LNTSold have been developing a series of studies in welding simulation to characterize the HAZ of different steels for oil and gas industry applications. For the X100M API 5L steel pipe, it was simulated on FEA software (Sysweld) the welding process of the pipe (SAW) and the field pipeline assembly (GMAW). The main concern for this steel is the toughness reduction it may be subject to in the HAZ, with possible formation of local brittle zones due to the evolution of very sensible constituents as the martensita-austenite (MA) constituent. From the bibliography reference, the two HAZ critical regions are the coarse grain region and the intercritically re-heated coarse grain region, so it was studied the thermal cycle of these regions with heat input variation in the FEA software. The thermal cycle was then reproduced in Gleeble samples to produce specimens for microscopy (focus on the MA constituent morphology and quantity analysis) and for Charpy impact test, to assess the toughness losses. The results indicate that the MA morphology depends very much on the peak temperature and that its quantity does not seem to control directly the impact resistance. For an AISI 4130 steel connector, it was performed a study with FEA software (Sysweld) and CALPHAD software (JMatPro) of the coarse grain HAZ region of the last welding passes, focusing in the hardness prediction and considering the post-weld heat treatment. A simulated CCT diagram and an experimental one were developed to include phase and hardness prediction in the FEA modelling. Then some heat treatment conditions (temperature x time) were evaluated using CALPHAD, trying to optimize the production time. All welding and the best heat treatment conditions were physically reproduced in Gleeble. The simulated CCT showed initially a good correlation with the experimental one, but the FEA hardness prediction was more precise using the experimental CCT. It was possible to achieve the hardness requirements and even increase the impact resistance with a faster heat treatment with close relation to simulation results. Finally, the welding of a 9% Ni steel pipe with Ni 625 alloy filler metal was also simulated in the FEA software and the different HAZ regions reproduced in Gleeble with dilatometry analysis to study the reversion and retention of austenite, which plays an important role in this steel tenacity. The goal it is also to isolate the microstructure and study its hydrogen embrittlement susceptibility. [more]

 
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