Electrochemistry will play a pivotal role in our transition away from fossil fuels to a net zero society. While batteries and fuel cells are set to decarbonise transportation, electrolysers can enable the sustainable synthesis of our most coveted chemicals, such as H2
. It turns out that some of the reactions that we aim to accelerate in water electrolysis, such as H2
evolution, are exactly the reactions that we wish to inhibit in Li ion batteries and during N2
reduction. To that end, in our group we translate techniques and insight from battery science to electrosynthesis and vice versa. I will present our mechanistic studies on the electrocatalysis of (i) O2
evolution for water electrolysis on iridium based and nickel based oxides1
and (ii) N2
reduction to NH3
on Li-based electrodes in organic electrolytes2,3
and (iii) parasitic gas evolution in Li ion batteries. Our studies incorporate electrochemical measurements, electrochemical mass spectrometry, operando optical spectroscopy, secondary ion mass spectrometry, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional theory; using the combination of these techniques, we build a holistic picture of the factors controlling these technologically critical reactions. 1 Francas, L., Corby, S., Selim, S., Lee, D., Mesa, C., Godin, R., Pastor, E., Stephens, I. E. L., Choi, K.-S. & Durrant, J. Nat. Commun.
10, 5208, (2019). 2 Andersen, S. Z., Colic, V., Yang, S., Schwalbe, J. A., Nielander, A. C., McEnaney, J. M., Enemark-Rasmussen, K., Baker, J. G., Singh, A. R., Rohr, B. A., Statt, M. J., Blair, S. J., Mezzavilla, S., Kibsgaard, J., Vesborg, P. C. K., Cargnello, M., Bent, S. F., Jaramillo, T. F., Stephens, I. E. L., Norskov, J. K. & Chorkendorff, I. Nature
570, 504, (2019). 3 Westhead, O., Jervis, R. & Stephens, I. E. L. Science
372, 1149, (2021).