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Research Projects

The CdS/CIGS interface was investigated in the literature by several techniques such as energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX) [5-7], x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) [8], Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) [8], secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) [8], and scanning Kelvin probe microscopy (SKPM) [9]. These studies showed that the buffer/absorber layer interface is in general intermixed.
Polycrystalline thin-film solar cells based on the compound semiconductors CuInSe2 (CIS) and Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) as absorber materials are important for photovoltaic applications because of their high energy conversion efficiency, long-term stable performance, and low-cost production. more
Thin-film solar cells based on the kesterite structured compound semiconductor Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 (CZTSSe) comprise inexpensive, earth-abundant, and non-toxic elements while maintaining favorable, optical, electrical properties (such as high absorption coefficient). more
Multicrystalline Silicon (mc-Si) is a common bulk material for photovoltaic due to its inexpensive growth technique. It is known that during growth and cooling, metal impurities from the sidewalls of the ingot accumulate at the grain boundaries (GBs) and locally enhance the recombination activity and therefore reduce the efficiency of the solar cell. more
Thermoelectric (TE) materials are involved in a variety of devices converting waste heat into electrical energy, as well as for solid-state refrigeration. The energy conversion efficiency is determined by the dimensionless TE figure of merit, ZT. more



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