Cryogenic deformation behavior of an interstitial TRIP high-entropy alloy
This project studies the mechanical properties and microstructural evolution of a transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP)-assisted interstitial high-entropy alloy (iHEA) with a nominal composition of Fe49.5Mn30Co10Cr10C0.5 (at. %) at cryogenic temperature (77 K). We aim to understand the hardening behavior of the iHEA at 77 K, and hence guide the future design of advanced HEA for cryogenic applications.
The preliminary results from this project show that the cryogenic condition leads to the decrease of stacking fault energy and the increase of flow stress, both of which promote the phase transformation from the face-centered cubic (FCC) matrix to the hexagonal close-packed (HCP) phase. At a tensile strain of 50 %, the fraction of HCP phase increases from 50 % at room temperature to 67 % at 77 K. Such high extent of phase transformation produces the highest strain hardening rate (3.5 GPa at 20 % strain) for FCC HEAs thus far. As a result, an exceptional combination of strength and ductility (UTS: 1.3 GPa, Elongation: 50 %) is achieved for the iHEA at the cryogenic condition.