Interstitial CoCrNi medium-entropy alloys
Equiatomic CoCrNi MEA attracted considerable attention due to its excellent combination of mechanical strength, ductility and fracture toughness. We explore the idea of incorporating additional interstitial elements to further boost its properties. The mechanisms responsible for the strengthening effect are related to the different manner interstitials interact with dislocations, as compared to larger substitutional atoms. While the latter are able to interact only with edge dislocation (due to symmetrical spherical distortion they produce), the interstitials interact with both types of dislocations, i.e. edge and screw dislocations, as a consequence of tetragonal distortion and resulting shear stress. Other phenomena of interstitial atoms presence like the change in stacking fault energy (SFE) may also come into play, changing the way plastic deformation is mediated. Also, the interstitial alloying can significantly alter the recrystallization kinetics according to the fact that the interstitial-free CoCrNi MEA can be fully recrystallized while the interstitial MEA containing 0.5 at. % C retains deformed microstructure after an identical annealing process.