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Yasmin Ahmed Salem, M.A.
Yasmin Ahmed Salem
Press and Public Relations Officer
Phone: +49 211 6792 722
Room: 222

Scientific Events

Scientific Events

Month:

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3rd NRW-APT User Meeting

The Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH in Düsseldorf is organizing the 3rd NRW-APT user meeting on May 16th 2017 and we would like to invite you and your research colleagues to participate in this event. This meeting will bring together scientists from North Rhine-Westphalia dealing with APT technique or correlating APT with other techniques. We want to discuss problems and share knowledge regarding sample preparation, measurement conditions, data reconstruction & analysis, etc. If you and your colleagues would like to attend this event, then please register before May 2nd 2017. There are limited places only. We are looking forward to see you in Düsseldorf! [more]

Hydrogen interaction in metals

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Hydrogen Interaction in Metals

The workshop is part of our series of one-day workshops "Frontiers in Material Science & Engineering", where we bring together leading experts from academia and industry in a workshop format that allows in-depth discussions of fundamental and applied research in this area. Places are limited to 50 participants. The workshop participation is free-of-charge and is sponsored by the MPIE. [more]

MPIE-Colloquium: Complex nanostructures and nanocomposites for plasmonic and photonic applications

9380 1518609168

MPIE-Colloquium: Complex nanostructures and nanocomposites for plasmonic and photonic applications

Nanoparticles, nanowires, and many other nanostructures are produced and investigated for applications for quite some time. The desired functionality is not easy to achieve in a reproducible way. Various methods will be presented how such structures can be produced in a well defined arrangement and well defined functionality. Nanoporous gold nanosponges will be presented and it will be shown how disorder can be used to obtain a robust and reproducible functionality, i.e. disorder can be used for precision.In addition, nanoporous nanostructures can be easily tuned for applications by advancing them to nanocomposites with desired functionality, which can be used in medicine, energy storage and conversion, photocatalysis and further applications. [more]

9424 1490081173

MULTICOMPONENT AND HIGH-ENTROPY ALLOYS

Conventional strategy for developing metallurgical alloys is to select the main component based on a primary property requirement, and to use alloying additions to confer secondary properties. This strategy has led to the development of many successful alloys based on a single main component with a mix of different alloying additions to provide a balance of required in-service properties. Typical examples include high temperature Ni superalloys, wrought Al alloys and corrosion resistant stainless steels. However, conventional alloy development strategy leads to an enormous amount of knowledge about alloys based on one component, but little or no knowledge about alloys containing several main components in approximately equal proportions. Theories for the occurrence, structure and properties of crystalline phases are similarly restricted to alloys based on one or two main components. Information and understanding is highly developed about alloys close to the corners and edges of a multicomponent phase diagram, with much less known about alloys in the centre of the diagram. This talk describes a range of other multicomponent alloying strategies and gives a number of examples of high-entropy and other multicomponent alloys. [more]

MPIE Colloquium: Computing Mass Transport in Crystals: Theory, Computation, and Applications

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MPIE Colloquium: Computing Mass Transport in Crystals: Theory, Computation, and Applications

The processing of materials as well as their technologically important properties are controlled by a combination of thermodynamics--which determines equilibrium--and kinetics--how a material evolves. Mass transport in solids, where different chemical species diffuse in a material due to random motion with or without a driving force, is a fundamental kinetic process for a wide variety of materials problems: growth of precipitates in nearly every advanced structural alloy from steels to superalloys, fusing of powders to make advanced ceramics, degradation of materials from irradiation, permanent changes in shape of materials over long times at high temperatures, corrosion of materials in different chemical environments, charge/discharge cycles in batteries, migration of atoms in electric fields, and more. Mass transport is a fundamentally multiscale phenomenon driven by crystalline defects, where many individual defect displacements sum up to produce chemical distributions at larger length and time scales. State-of-the-art first principles methods make the computation of defect energies and transitions routine for crystalline systems, and upscaling from activation barriers to mesoscale mobilities requires the solution of the master equation for diffusivity. For all but the simplest cases of interstitial diffusivity, and particular approximations with vacancy-mediated diffusion on simple lattices, calculating diffusivity directly is a challenge. This leaves two choices: uncontrolled approximations to map the problem onto a simpler (solved) problem, or a stochastic method like kinetic Monte Carlo, which can be difficult to converge for cases of strong correlations. I will describe and demonstrate our new developments for direct and automated Green function solutions for transport that take full advantage of crystal symmetry. This approach has provided new predictions for light element diffusion in magnesium, "pipe diffusion" of hydrogen along dislocations cores in palladium, and the evolution of vacancies and silicon near a dislocation in nickel. I will also show our latest results for technologically relevant magnesium alloys with containing Al, Zn, and rare earth elements (Gd, Y, Nd, Ce and La), where prior theoretical models to predict diffusivity from atomic jump frequencies make uncontrolled approximations that impact their accuracy. The underlying automation also makes the extension of first-principles transport databases significantly more practical and eliminate uncontrolled approximations in the transport model. [more]

9423 1490079235

Hydrogen Storage Technology at the Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht

The use of fossil fuels as energy supply is growing increasingly problematic both from the point of view of environmental emissions and energy sustainability. As an alternative to fossil fuels, hydrogen is widely regarded as a key element for a potential energy solution. In this respect, hydrogen storage technologies are considered a key roadblock towards the use of H2 as energy carrier. Among the methods available to store hydrogen, solid-state storage appears to be a very interesting alternative, showing for example the highest volumetric storage densities and high safety. Within the Helmholtz “Advanced Engineering Materials” Programme, the Department of Nanotechnology focusses on the development of both nanostructured hydrogen storage materials and hydrogen storage systems. A detailed account of the actual and future research activities in the field of hydrogen technology at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht will be presented. [more]

Solar cells, defects and recombination – news from CIGS

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Solar cells, defects and recombination – news from CIGS

After a short introduction to thin film solar cells, I will review what we know about defects in Cu(InGa)Se2 (CIGS), where we found significant differences between Cu-rich and Cu-poor material. By photoluminescence we recently found fundamental differences between pure CIS and Ga containing CIGS: with Ga the recombination is higher in Cu-rich material. And high Ga content CIGS shows a deep defect which gets more and more shallow when we decrease the Ga content. Finally, I will show that we can use photoluminescence to characterise the tails states in kesterite. [more]

 
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