Transition metal oxide superlattices have been widely investigated during recent years as they are one of the largest material groups where physical and chemical properties such as ferroelectricity, magnetism, ionic and electronic conductivity are closely coupled to structural parameters. Cation sub¬sti¬tution in complex oxides is an effective way to develop the functionalities through carrier doping, band engineering, or application of chemical pressure. For example, the coupling between charge and spin degrees of freedom across the interfaces and the local charge carrier concentration profiles have profound influences on the occurrence of superconductivity in low dimensional systems. Super-conductivity arises when a parent insulator compound is doped beyond some critical con-centration. Furthermore, the magnetic behaviour and conductivity of complex oxide superlattices can be tuned by controlling the layer thickness and by selecting appropriate intervening layer materials. Various methods for growing controlled superlattice structures exist, a favourite has been pulsed laser deposition (PLD), but molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) is now also popular because of the controlled deposition rate and the flexibility allowed by the use of individual element sources. In theory, this allows composition control to the level of individual atomic layers. The PLD process requires higher temperatures and pressures than MBE. It also involves significantly higher energies for the impinging particles, which has potential implications for the interface roughness. In this presentation, I will discuss mapping of the local structure and interfacial chemistry of various complex oxide hetero-interfaces through advanced scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) in combination with energy-dispersive x-ray (EDX) analysis and electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS).1 EELS allows for local probing of chemical composition and bonding, as well as electronic and magnetic structure, making the combination of STEM and EELS ideal for discovery of structure-property correlations at the atomic scale.2,3 References 1 F. Baiutti et al., Nature Comm. (2015), DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9586, in press. A.V. Boris et al., Science 332 (2011) 937-940. E. Detemple et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 99 (2011) 211903. E. Detemple et al., J. Appl. Phys. 112 (2012) 013509. A. Frano et al., Adv. Mater. 26 (2014) 258-262. F. Wrobel et al., submitted (2015). K. Song et al., APL Materials 2 (2014) 032104. D. Zhou et al., APL Materials 2 (2014) 127301. D. Zhou et al., Adv. Mater. Interfaces 2 (2015) 1500377. D. Zhou et al., Ultra¬micro¬sco¬py 160 (2016) 110–117. 2 PAvA gratefully acknowledges the intense collaboration with the following people without their contributions this work wouldn’t have been possible: F. Baiutti, E. Benckiser, C. Bernhard, A.V. Boris, M. Castro-Colin, G. Cristiani, E. Detemple, K. Du, A. Frano, E. Gilardi, G. Gregori, H.-U. Habermeier, V. Hinkov, B. Keimer, M. Kelsch, F.F. Krause, G. Logvenov, Y. Lu, J. Maier, V.K. Malik, A.F. Mark, Y. Matiks, M. Morenzoni, K. Müller-Caspary, E. Okunishi, P. Popovich, T. Prokscha, Q.M. Ramasse, M. Reehuis, A. Rosenauer, Z. Salman, H. Schmid, W. Sigle, K. Song, V. Srot, A. Suter, Y. Wang, P. Wochner, F. Wrobel, M. Wu, D. Zhou. 3 The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Program [FP/2007/2013] under grant agreement no 312483 (ESTEEM2).